The Arab Land Initiative is pleased to release its “Land Governance and Land Rights in Palestine: Analysis and Recommendations” report, a contribution towards the understanding of land policies, laws, regulations, and practices that shape the relationship between people and land in the Occupied Palestinian Territory.

Land management and administration in Palestine function in a unique context, where multiple overlapping legal frameworks inherited by successive foreign rulers define access to urban and rural lands and natural resources. The fragmentation of the territory, divided between the Gaza strip and West Bank, which is in turn divided into three areas (A, B and C) where different rules apply, creates further complexity and limits the ability of the Palestinian Land Authority to effectively execute its duties.

Uncomplete land registration, land tenure insecurity, forced evictions and the seizure of land are among the most pressing challenges. Women are at a disadvantage in the enjoyment of their housing and land rights, mostly caused by discriminatory social norms. Recurring cycles of conflict and displacement aggravate the situation. In 2019, over 40 per cent of Palestinians were living in slum-like conditions in refugee camps and, as a result of the hostilities that erupted in October 2023, 80 per cent of the housing stock in the Gaza Strip has been destroyed or damaged, causing the displacement of 1.7 million people.

In spite of these challenges, Palestine has achieved important advances in the land sector, particularly regarding land registration, digitalisation and data protection, and the management of state properties.

The “Land Governance and Land Rights in Palestine” report analyses the land sector by looking at its legal and institutional set up, its stakeholders, and the key land administration functions: land tenure, land value, land use, land development, and land disputes’ resolution. The most important legislation is annexed and a set of preliminary recommendations for consideration by national stakeholders complement the report.

On the occasion of the release of the “Land Governance and Land Rights in Palestine” report, the Palestine page of the Arab Land Initiative website has been updated with new content and publications.

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Original Source

• ESC rights
• Human rights
• Land rights
• People under occupation
• Regional
• Research
• Security of tenure